To limit or delay the spreading of fires via the wooden façade, the Royal Decree imposes various requirements with regard to the reaction to fire of wooden façade cladding in its end-use conditions (in other words, as present on site). This means that when assessing the reaction to fire of the wooden façade cladding, one must take into account the potential influence of the underlying material layers and the way in which they are fastened.
The table below provides an overview of the reaction to fire requirements for façade cladding indicated in the revision in their end-use conditions.*
|Building type||Tall buildings||Medium-sized buildings||Low buildings Non-self-sufficient (2)||Low buildings Non-self-sufficient (type 2&3)|
|Cladding (¹)||A2-s3,d0 (²)||B-s3,d1||C-s3,d1(²)||D-s3,d1|
(¹) The doors, façade decorations, joints and technical equipment in the façade (e.g. signboards, lighting devices, air-conditioning grids, drain pipes, plant holders and wall penetrations for heating installations) are not subject to the aforementioned requirements, provided that their total visible surface makes up less than 5% of the visible surface of the façade concerned.
(²) Stricter than previous requirements.
(h > 25 m)
The new regulations specifically contain stricter requirements for high buildings (h > 25 m). Thus the wooden façade cladding must meet the requirements of reaction to fire class A2-s3,d0 according to the NBN EN 13501-1 (6) standard or by means of a LARGE-SCALE TEST (for example SP FIRE 105).
(10 m ≤ h ≤ 25 m)
For medium-high buildings (10 m ≤ h ≤ 25 m) the requirements remain unchanged. In this case the wooden façade cladding must at least meet the requirements of reaction to fire class B-s3,d1.
(h < 10 m)
For low buildings (h < 10 m), the requirements depend on the type of use:
non-self-reliant users (type 1; e.g. hospitals, prisons and nurseries): the requirements for the reaction to fire class of the wooden façade cladding become stricter by moving to C-s3,d1
sleeping self-reliant users (type 2; e.g. hotels and apartment buildings) and awake users (type 3; e.g. office buildings, shops): the wooden façade cladding must be in reaction to fire class D-s3,d1.
It is important to note that these requirements apply to timber façade claddings in their end-use conditions and not to the cladding as such.
Do you wish to receive more information or advice concerning the reaction to fire classes, don't hesitate to contact our Technical sales advisor. Contact Geoffrey Moerman, Technical sales advisor of Lemahieu Fire Protection®.